Natural running style is the most efficient

A recent article in New York Times (Link) reports exercise research that highlights natural running gait and style is the most efficient for both experienced and novice runners.   Specifically, in studies conducted with two cohorts of runners differentiated by their experience in running, the novice cohort revealed that their natural running gait is the … More Natural running style is the most efficient

Global network of standardized telescopes for time domain astronomy

Feature article in Science, Vol. 356, Issue 6337, pp. 476-479, “A global robotic telescope network helps astronomers keep up with the fast-changing sky”   Summary of article: Using standardized telescopes of diameter between 2 meter and 40 centimeters, a global network of automated telescopes lend clarity to distant stars, galaxies and even exoplanets through the … More Global network of standardized telescopes for time domain astronomy

Different fractions from a polymerisation reactor

Polymers such as those used in clothing and the foam layer of running shoes are manufactured through a polymerisation reaction, most commonly free radical polymerisation. Hence, depending on how the reaction is tuned and controlled, different grades of polymers would predominate in the products stream coming out of the reactor.   However, irrespective of the … More Different fractions from a polymerisation reactor

Inability to predict cancer risk through mathematical modelling

Perspective article in Science, Vol. 355, Issue 6331, pp. 1266-1267, “Genes, environment, and “bad luck”   Summary of article: Multiple papers have used mathematical modelling to simulate cancer risk profile at the population level with varying success. Specifically, attempts have been made in correlating cancer stem cell division number with cancer risk; however, can we … More Inability to predict cancer risk through mathematical modelling

How does the outsole design affect the performance of the midsole in shock absorption?

Focus on running shoes have always been on the midsole foam technology as well as the upper mesh design and colors. But, what is less well known is the strong influence of the outsole on the performance of the midsole foam in absorbing shock and stress. Specifically, the thread pattern of the outsole affects the … More How does the outsole design affect the performance of the midsole in shock absorption?

Single cell RNA sequencing for understanding the lineage of cancer cells

Article in Nature, Vol. 539, 10 November 2016, pp. 309, “Single-cell RNA-seq supports a developmental hierarchy in human oligodendroglioma”   Summary of article: Single cell RNA sequencing of cancer cells from human oligodendroglioma reveals hierarchical development pathway in the cancer; thereby, opening up the technique for use in profiling the developmental pathway and lineage traversed … More Single cell RNA sequencing for understanding the lineage of cancer cells

Strain gauges for measuring structural stability of buildings

Many buildings in earthquake prone regions of the world are vulnerable to structural damage resulting from slow creep of movement of earth. Thus, could it be possible that modern buildings incorporate strain gauges and pressure sensors for understanding the vibrations within the building due to wind effect, ground movement, or inherent oscillations of the building? … More Strain gauges for measuring structural stability of buildings

High temperature magnetic topological insulators

Article in Nature, Vol. 533, Issue 7604, pp. 513, “A high temperature ferromagnetic topological insulating phase by proximity coupling”   Summary of article: Bi2Se3 and EuS adatom bilayer was shown to exhibit topological insulating and magnetic properties. Topological insulator is a class of relatively new materials where the properties of the material differs between the … More High temperature magnetic topological insulators

How dust informs climate now, in the past and future

Article in Nature, Vol. 531, 24 March 2016, pp. 493, “The past, present and future of African dust”   Summary of article: An excellent study on calibrating the effect of wind on topography using dust as an indicator of wind speed and wind fields, which yields important information on how African dust affects weather patterns … More How dust informs climate now, in the past and future