High technology paints for enabling autonomous driving

Radio waves and light sensors are commonly fitted to autonomous vehicles for detecting the speeds and distances of objects around the vehicle. However, dark paints on vehicles tend to absorb the radio waves and infrared signals used by such sensors. Hence, much research has been invested in the creation of multi-layer structured high technology paints … More High technology paints for enabling autonomous driving

Resilience of electricity system with high proportion of renewable power generation

Renewable energy such as solar and wind power’s share of the energy mix is increasing in many parts of the world. While increasing proportion of renewable energy helps reduce the carbon footprint of electricity generation and reduce the impacts on climate change, low frequency events such as weather non-favourable to renewable energy generation may impose … More Resilience of electricity system with high proportion of renewable power generation

Potential high transmission cost of electricity from offshore solar farm

Solar power scale linearly with the collecting area of the photovoltaic panels. Given the scarcity of low-cost land in major cities around the world, lack of space has presented as a significant constraint to the future expansion of solar power as part of a changing energy mix for cities. Thus, various ideas and proposals have … More Potential high transmission cost of electricity from offshore solar farm

Liquid biopsy’s utility in cancer diagnosis and treatment

Fragments of DNA or RNA from cancer cells could be found in a patient’s blood; thus, opening up the possibility of a simple blood test for diagnosing and treating cancer. Known as liquid biopsy, blood tests offer a simpler and more cost-effective approach compared to tissue biopsy for initial understanding of a patient’s state of … More Liquid biopsy’s utility in cancer diagnosis and treatment

Antibiotic resistance emerged prior to the advent of antibiotics medication

Antibiotics are natural compounds isolated from microorganisms useful for fending off other microbes in natural settings. Thus, resistance pathways, mechanisms, and genes emerged in microorganisms prior to the advent of antibiotics medication. What is commonly known as emergence of antibiotics resistance in the contemporary era refers to the horizontal transfer of resistance genes between microbes … More Antibiotic resistance emerged prior to the advent of antibiotics medication

Land price is a cost item for solar power generation

Solar power scale linearly with surface area. Thus, land is a critical cost component for the production of solar power and plays a critical role in determining the location of solar farms. Typically, solar farms are situated in areas with lower land cost such as the outskirts of a city. Newer designs of solar farms … More Land price is a cost item for solar power generation

Incorporation of climate interactions into models for predicting epidemic outbreaks

In a warming world, patterns of disease outbreaks are changing partly due to the changing patterns of vector spread and movement. For example, mosquitoes vectors of many diseases are moving to new locales in a warming world that help spread diseases to new areas where there was none before. Thus, there is a trend in … More Incorporation of climate interactions into models for predicting epidemic outbreaks

How to assign an address to a specific location on Earth?

With contemporary satellite navigation technology, the approach of identifying a specific location on Earth would be through the use of a combination of latitude and longitude or satellite coordinates. However, this does not solve the broader question of how to assign contextual information (such as a building or apartment) to a location. The answer to … More How to assign an address to a specific location on Earth?

Artificial intelligence enabled planning of chemical synthesis scheme

Synthetic organic chemistry revolves around the development of new synthetic methods, routes and schemes for the synthesis of target compounds. The field is also interested in the development of new schemes that could synthesize a compound in higher yields and better efficiency.   A new study demonstrates the use of artificial neural networks with deep … More Artificial intelligence enabled planning of chemical synthesis scheme

Deep sea mining of mineral rich deposits

Deposits rich in nickel, copper, cobalt and manganese have been found on the seabed in many areas of the world. Existing as nodules that could be recovered through mining the seabed, the discovery opens up the possibility of mining the seabed for some of the metals that support our industrial and technological societies. However, the … More Deep sea mining of mineral rich deposits