Global network of standardized telescopes for time domain astronomy

Feature article in Science, Vol. 356, Issue 6337, pp. 476-479, “A global robotic telescope network helps astronomers keep up with the fast-changing sky”   Summary of article: Using standardized telescopes of diameter between 2 meter and 40 centimeters, a global network of automated telescopes lend clarity to distant stars, galaxies and even exoplanets through the … More Global network of standardized telescopes for time domain astronomy

Inability to predict cancer risk through mathematical modelling

Perspective article in Science, Vol. 355, Issue 6331, pp. 1266-1267, “Genes, environment, and “bad luck”   Summary of article: Multiple papers have used mathematical modelling to simulate cancer risk profile at the population level with varying success. Specifically, attempts have been made in correlating cancer stem cell division number with cancer risk; however, can we … More Inability to predict cancer risk through mathematical modelling

Single cell RNA sequencing for understanding the lineage of cancer cells

Article in Nature, Vol. 539, 10 November 2016, pp. 309, “Single-cell RNA-seq supports a developmental hierarchy in human oligodendroglioma”   Summary of article: Single cell RNA sequencing of cancer cells from human oligodendroglioma reveals hierarchical development pathway in the cancer; thereby, opening up the technique for use in profiling the developmental pathway and lineage traversed … More Single cell RNA sequencing for understanding the lineage of cancer cells

High temperature magnetic topological insulators

Article in Nature, Vol. 533, Issue 7604, pp. 513, “A high temperature ferromagnetic topological insulating phase by proximity coupling”   Summary of article: Bi2Se3 and EuS adatom bilayer was shown to exhibit topological insulating and magnetic properties. Topological insulator is a class of relatively new materials where the properties of the material differs between the … More High temperature magnetic topological insulators

How dust informs climate now, in the past and future

Article in Nature, Vol. 531, 24 March 2016, pp. 493, “The past, present and future of African dust”   Summary of article: An excellent study on calibrating the effect of wind on topography using dust as an indicator of wind speed and wind fields, which yields important information on how African dust affects weather patterns … More How dust informs climate now, in the past and future

Computational chemistry for investigating materials’ properties

Perspective article in Science, Vol. 354, Issue. 6309, pp. 180-181, “Making the most of materials computations”   Summary of article: Density functional theory (DFT) is the most popular ab initio (or from first principles) computational chemistry method for investigating interactions between small number of atoms and molecules. Advances in computational resources and algorithms together with … More Computational chemistry for investigating materials’ properties

Ice transport drives salinity changes in the Southern Ocean

Article in Nature, Vol. 537, Issue 7618, pp. 89, “Sea-ice transport driving Southern Ocean salinity and its recent trends”   Summary of article: Northward movement of sea ice and freshening of the northern sectors of the Southern Ocean around Antarctica has been shown to account for the observed salinity distribution change in the area. The … More Ice transport drives salinity changes in the Southern Ocean

Architecture of multienzyme complex in action: polyketide synthase

Article in Nature, Vol. 531, 24 March 2016, pp. 533, “Mycocerosic acid synthase exemplifies the architecture of reducing polyketide synthases”   Summary of article: Various domains of polyketide synthases were crystallized individually or as segments, and the overall structure of the enzyme complex elucidated. While the method used structures of individual subunits to reconstruct the … More Architecture of multienzyme complex in action: polyketide synthase

Determining the expansion of the Universe through the Hubble constant

Feature article in Science, Vol. 355, Issue 6329, pp. 1010-1014, “Hubble Trouble” Summary of article: Observations of distant stars and galaxies highlighted to astronomers that the universe is expanding through possibly the repulsive effect of dark energy; however, the rate of expansion of the universe as measured by the Hubble constant is still under heavy … More Determining the expansion of the Universe through the Hubble constant

Macrophages as delineators of stripe patterns in zebrafish

Perspective article in Science, Vol. 355, Issue 6331, pp. 1258-1259, “Macrophage, a long-distance middlemen”   Summary of article: Macrophages are immune cells that profile for foreign viruses and cells that invade a multicellular organism, but its myriad characteristics and roles in cellular genesis and developmental biology is only beginning to be understood at both a … More Macrophages as delineators of stripe patterns in zebrafish