High technology paints for enabling autonomous driving

Radio waves and light sensors are commonly fitted to autonomous vehicles for detecting the speeds and distances of objects around the vehicle. However, dark paints on vehicles tend to absorb the radio waves and infrared signals used by such sensors. Hence, much research has been invested in the creation of multi-layer structured high technology paints … More High technology paints for enabling autonomous driving

Superionic water

A recent article in the New York Times (Link) describes new research on the structure of water. Although much researched, there remains much to be learnt of the molecular mysteries of water. In new research, water was found to behave both as a liquid and solid at high pressure and temperature. Specifically, the material structure … More Superionic water

Obtaining movies of molecular movement of proteins through serial femtosecond crystallography

Seeing is believing; thus, it would be much better if we could observe real-time molecular level movement of proteins during catalysis, where, for example, binding of a substrate to an active site leads to molecular cleavage and enzymatic action. But, this feat is not realized until recent advent of serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX).   In … More Obtaining movies of molecular movement of proteins through serial femtosecond crystallography

Challenges of recycling lithium-ion batteries

With increasing use of lithium ion batteries for personal mobile devices and computers, there is a concomitant need to plan the end of life treatment of these batteries that contain precious metals as well as toxic and flammable substances. Specifically, while lithium ion is thought to be the most important element for recover in the … More Challenges of recycling lithium-ion batteries

Examining surface premelting in colloidal particles

Article in Nature, Vol. 531, 24 March 2017, pp. 485, “Modes of surface premelting in colloidal crystals composed of attractive particles”   Summary of article: Using Landau force field with poly(methyl methacrylate) characteristics, the effect of cohesion forces at low temperature was investigated and revealed the formation of crystalline domains and grain boundaries.   Link … More Examining surface premelting in colloidal particles

Ultrafast femtosecond imaging of molecular dynamics by tetrahertz scanning tunnelling microscopy

Article in Nature, Vol. 539, 10 November 2016, pp. 263, “Tracking the ultrafast motion of a single molecule by femtosecond orbital imaging”   Summary of article: Low current, low temperature, tetrahertz scanning tunnelling microscopy was used to probe the intrinsic dynamics of molecular motion at the femtosecond timescale.   Link to original article: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v539/n7628/full/nature19816.html   … More Ultrafast femtosecond imaging of molecular dynamics by tetrahertz scanning tunnelling microscopy

Synthesis of zig-zag shape graphene nanoribbons

Article in Nature, Vol. 531, 24 March 2016, pp. 489, “On-surface synthesis of graphene nanoribbons with zigzag edge topology”   Summary of article: Using a combination of polymerisation and dehydrogenation, zigzag graphene nanoribbons with bandgaps suitable for spintronics were synthesized and characterized, the latter by scanning tunnelling microscopy and tip functionalized non-contact atomic force microscopy. … More Synthesis of zig-zag shape graphene nanoribbons

Role of organic particles in seeding growth of aerosols in the atmosphere

Article in Nature, Vol. 533, 26 May 2016, pp. 527, “The role of low-volatility organic compounds in initial particle growth in the atmosphere”   Summary of article: Using nitrate ion chemical ionization atmospheric pressure interface time of flight mass spectrometry, a particle growth model for organic aerosols was proposed and validated.   Comment: Organic materials … More Role of organic particles in seeding growth of aerosols in the atmosphere

Li-Fi and its challenges to practical use

Radio waves based Wi-Fi is the standard by which most people logon to wireless Internet network, and with improvements in technology for faster data transmission, the method has predominant the means by which people around the world uses the Internet. In recent years, however, there has been technology demonstration of another wireless method for Internet … More Li-Fi and its challenges to practical use