Hybrid vehicles may be the way forward in reducing car emissions

Incorporating kinetic energy recovery technology, hybrid vehicles have demonstrated reduced emissions compared to conventional internal combustion engines powered cars. Thus, the future for land transportation may be more widespread adoption of hybrid vehicles which help reduce car emissions and safeguard local air quality in major cities around the world. Specifically, policy mandates for phasing out … More Hybrid vehicles may be the way forward in reducing car emissions

High water consumption in fracking

Fracking utilizes high pressure fluid to hydraulically fracture rocks that entrap oil and gas in underground shale formation. While the process enhances the recovery of oil and gas previously not accessible to conventional drilling techniques, it requires the use of large amount of water and is thus not environmentally sustainable in arid regions with poor … More High water consumption in fracking

Health concerns of using grey water to flush toilets

Water conservation is the main theme of discussion amongst future city planners and public utilities experts, and grey water is increasingly being put forward as a possible source of water for flushing toilets, as cities bid to reduce their overall water consumption. But, what is grey water and is it safe as a water source … More Health concerns of using grey water to flush toilets

Should groundwater be used for drinking purposes?

Groundwater is a source of freshwater collected under the water table of a site. Refreshed and recharged by rainwater that percolates through the soil, it usually carries a rich mineral content and contains various elements ranging from heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, copper, manganese etc. as well as decayed organic materials and … More Should groundwater be used for drinking purposes?

Setting a price on carbon for implementing a carbon tax or a cap and trade system for controlling carbon dioxide emissions

Canada has instituted a price on carbon of $10 Canadian dollars per tonne of carbon dioxide, which would rise by $10 per year to reach a set price of $50 by 2022. In doing so, Canada has set a price on carbon, the necessary first step to implementing a carbon tax or a cap and … More Setting a price on carbon for implementing a carbon tax or a cap and trade system for controlling carbon dioxide emissions