Antarctica is important in many ways other than its sheer scale of beauty for explorers, it is also rich in many areas of scientific research running from astronomy, cosmology, global warming, glaciology, climate change, sea level rise, social animal activities, etc. The United States run the largest scientific research station in Antarctica, McMurdo research station, on Ross Island, which could house as many as 1000 inhabitants during peak periods, such as the Antarctica summer.
Resupplied annually by supply ships, the station is a beehive of activities ranging from pure science to attending to the chores of everyday life in an environment of white and snow. The neighbouring Antarctic Dry Valley features a snowless terrain, which carries a fossil record of evolution of life forms on Earth, and is a living memory of the effects of plate tectonics that moved the continents into their present positions, where Antarctica used to be near the Earth’s equator.
A recent article in New York Times (Link1,Link2) describes a National Science Foundation led initiative to rebuild the aging infrastructure of McMurdo research station, which serves primarily as a logistical base for various scientific activities in different parts of the continent, such as the neutrino detection experiment, BICEP 2, at the South Pole.
Category: atmospheric science, space exploration, astronomy, climate change,
Tags: McMurdo research station, climate change, social animals, astronomy, cosmology, Antarctica,